Texas University, whose flagship is located in Austin, is one of the original eight "Public Ivys", according to Richard Moll. Moll invented the term in the 1985 issue of Public Ivys: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities. Since then, the term covers several universities that offer Ivy League education at a public university price.
UT gained such distinction by opening 1883 for university students in quality education. In 1839, in Texas, in 1876, 40 hectares of land was allocated to a state university in Australia. They were named College Hill. Construction began only in 1881, when Austin officially became the main campus of the university. Texas A & M had beaten the first university in Texas. Unfortunately, one of the most memorable points in the history of the University of Texas was that in 1968, Charles Whitman, in 1969, barricaded himself and a rifle at the top of the tower of the main building. He fired 14 people.
Today, UT is one of the largest universities in the United States enrollment reaches nearly 50,000 every year and the extensive campus covers 350 acres near downtown Austin. Students and the public have access to seven museums and 17 libraries in more than eight million volumes. Of its collections, the University contains only 21 copies of the Gutenberg Bible and the first photograph produced by Nicephore Niepce.
With regard to academies, UT is consistently high-ranking. The US News and World Report ranks UT among the 44th best universities in the country and 12th best state universities. Many of its unique programs are of a high standard. For example, the engineering school is the top ten, and the fifth is the business school.
Athletics, UT is also excellent. The football of Texas King and UT Longhorns is constantly one of the best teams in the country. In 2005 he won the NCAA Football Championship title. UT has traditionally been successful in baseball, basketball, swimming and scuba diving. Each major university has its rival and Longhorns, Texas A & M. The Longhorns and Aggies are the third longest running rivalry in the United States.
In its long and excellent history, the UT has created many successful graduates. Farrah Fawcett, Janis Joplin, Renee Zellweger, Roger Clemens, David Geffen and many other famous people graduated from UT Austin.
Texas University and the State Capitol provide a permanent economic base for Austin, which is able to stabilize Austin as other industries in Austin. For example, during the 2000-2001 technological downturn affecting a number of cities in the United States, the center of economic recession was eased by the employment base of the University of Texas and the state capital.
UT is an integral part of Austin City. Residents enjoy the atmosphere of prestigious athletics and academies that the school adds to the city.