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Renaissance and neoclassical historical arts


Renaissance is a cultural movement that is in Europe in the 14th and 17th centuries. Began in the beginning of the century, or between the classical and the modern era. More than its cultural essence, the Renaissance era is known for the development of art, painting, philosophy, architecture and other intellectual aspects. This was the era that was the largest growth and development in Western Europe.

A1. Renaissance art emerged from the social conditions that had developed at that time, which carved the political structure of Europe. Italy's cultural rarity existed since there was no political form in the early modern era, leading to artistic and scientific development. This liberation opened the gateways to trade and commerce in the world, which brought richness in Italy by creating its artistic work

. The Renaissance artists sought human emotions and artistic realism. They focused on making human representations a natural background. There was humanism approaching, placing more emphasis on man than on God, reflected in his sculptures and paintings. Early Renaissance era focused on the creation of sculptures based on personality and behavior, while the Renaissance was directed towards balance and drama. The Renaissance artists were greatly inspired by Roman and Greek art, which used naked human bodies in their art. In human art, their attempt to perfect expression, personality, and emotions reduced the social hierarchy of people's status, which resulted in everyone learning to share and share their ideas and abilities

. Neoclassism was the dominant movement in the middle of the 18th century and at the end of the 19th century in European art and architecture. He focused on the Western classical art forms of ancient Greece and Rome. This was part of the Baroque and Rococo style movement. The vast majority of academic art in the 19th century became museums of neoclassical architecture

. Classical art aimed at rejuvenating the era of European European Enlightenment, which was the classic Greek and Roman art forms. Its purpose is to include the "purity" of Roman art and criticize Baroque and Rococo styles. Neoclassicism in France and England has become increasingly important to Sweden. He used the classic essence for courage and nationalism

. Classical styles are made using sharp colors and classic themes. They produced light and soft colors in their paintings, depicting their calmness and grandeur. Neoclassicals have been recruited through the use of Greek painting styles with mosaics, columns, engravings and other decorative elements in their work.

A3. The Renaissance was the re-emergence of the arts, science and medicine, and was an era that was responsible for the most radical developments and movements in Europe. It is so much used to describe other great cultural and historical moments. The classic Renaissance was born in the most dramatic and direct Baroque style. Therefore, neoclassism is a reaction to the Baroque style in order to preserve the purity of ancient Roman art. Moreover, neoclassism was one of the most important actors in academic arts. The Renaissance era is known in the humanist approach in art, while neoclassical art focuses on the more classical and purely stylistic elements. The Renaissance era brought with it the radical development of the arts, philosophy and medicine, the neoclassical art was primarily in academic art;

  • Renaissance artists believed more natural and more expressive nude statues, while neo-classical artists included decorative elements in their work;
  • The Renaissance era opened up new paths and developments, while in the period of neoclassicism we focused on preserving the age of Enlightenment [19645003]. The Renaissance era was one of the most influential and prosperous sections of the 15th and 16th centuries, leading to significant cultural developments for nearly three centuries. Renaissance art came from an evolving civilization whose pursuit of realism and scientific perfection resulted in one of the greatest works and achievements of the arts, science, architecture and philosophy. The distinctive feature of Renaissance art is its dedication to classical art, a renewed interest in Roman style, consisting of naked human sculptures in which there were no landscapes in the natural environment. It was an important era that brought wealth to Europe and its artistic freedom allowed the skilled craftsmen to flourish.

    A3B1. Leonardo Da Vinci

    Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) was one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance era. The so-called "Renaissance Man" was born in Italy and was a renowned painter who became polymathic in many areas, such as music, science, mathematics and botany. He is considered to be one of the greatest diversified talented people who lived. Mona Lisa is one of her most famous works in her age, which she appreciated. Mona Lisa is a 16th-century half-length portrait made in oil and a seated woman.

    Andrea Appiani (1754-1817) was born in Milan, an Italian neo-classical painter. He studied under Carlo Maria Giudici and studied sculpture. His best works are in the San Maria presso San Celso and in the Royal Palace of Milan. Some of the oil paintings are Venus and Love, and Rinaldo in Armida's garden.

    A3b2. Madame Hamelin (1776-1851) is one of the work of the neo-classical painter Andrea Appiani, similar to Leonardo Da Vinci Monal Lisa. Both are half-length, semi-sedentary female portraits that reflect natural faces, where their hands are folders with similar artistic values ​​and styles.

    A3c. New-classism reached the most influential period of art in the 1780s and 1850s. New archaeological discoveries and settings helped to bring classic themes that came from the reaction of the Rococo styles. New Classism has preserved its classical antiquity and existed in co-existence with the art of anti-Romanticism. The artists of the neoclassical era replaced the religious and mythological objects with real, simple and bold styles. In the 1830s, the era of neoclassicism was replaced by romance.

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