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Montessori Childhood Development Series: Art


In the Montessori school class, art is used in different ways. At the most basic level, art teaches the child to use pencil and drawstring. But many of the exercises on the shelves of practical life are artistic; which often include cutting, weaving, sewing and stencils.

Art expresses itself in many ways. Art is a way for children to communicate their feelings and feelings. In Montessori, they provide open-ended artistic activities that help children discover and use their creativity.

Art together with every classroom in the classroom provides a solid foundation for the future growth of children. They search for, create, express and develop themselves through art. The Montessori learning style provides a rich art area in the classroom, giving children the opportunity to choose their media: paintings, pastels, clay, pencils and / or pencils.

As for art, the process is not an important output for the child. Children interact with the world differently than adults, and children work to develop themselves rather than develop a product derived from monetary gain. Their focus is on entertainment and growth. If a child creates something, he or she does not feel the need to keep the product. This is the process that gives them satisfaction and inner joy.

Many teachers receive artistic "gifts" from their students. But students are more about moving on to the next artistic expression than creating a specific person. This is why the child's art is always so unique and sometimes very strange.

The Montessori training programs emphasize the process of creating art against the product. This means that children should be encouraged to discover and experiment with different artistic media without feeling that they have to carry out a particular project that looks in some way.

One of the important differences in presenting an art shelf in a Montessori bedroom, as in a traditional kindergarten classroom, is that every child should have access at all times and be free to choose which skills to practice at a given time. In a more traditional environment, art materials can only be at certain times and / or their use can be better directed by adults than the children themselves.

Montessori used the term "cosmic education" to indicate the universal scope of the lessons to be presented, and the idea that education on the second plane should help the child play a human role as a function of the universe. Classroom materials and lessons include work in art. The Montessori allows the child to express himself fully.

"The human hand is so delicate and so complicated, not only allows the mind to reveal itself, but also allows the whole being to establish special relationships with its environment … a man who owns his environment. under his control of his hands, his spirit transforms this environment and allows him to fulfill his mission in the world. "- Maria Montessori

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