Michel Foucault (born 15 October 1926, Poitiers, France – twenty-eighth, died in Paris in June 1984), a French philosopher and historian, one of the most important and controversial scholars after World War II. physician granddaughter, Michel Foucault was born for a firmly civilian household. He resisted what he maintained as provincialism of his country and his countrywide education, and his career was characterized by regular foreign residence. Foucault arrived in a remarkable but rarely strange student in 1946 at École Normale Superieure (ENS) in Paris. There he studied philosophy and psychology, accepted and abandoned communism, and became a glamorous, astonishing and eccentric student. In 1952, Foucault's career began as a career, continuously, both professionally and mentally. He taught at the Lille College and spent five years (1955 60) as a cultural attache in Sweden, Uppsala; Warsaw, Poland; and Hamburg, West Germany (now Germany). Foucault defended the doctoral thesis of ENS in 1961. Folie et deraison, entitled "Frenzy and Unreason: History is Crazy in the Classical Age". He won the critical praise but was a limited audience.
His other early monographs taught at the Clermont-Ferrand University in France (1960-66) were the same fate. In 1966 Foucault began to pay close attention to one of the most special and controversial thinkers of his day, until Les Mots et les scoses (things and words) appeared. He decided to look at it remotely – Tunisia Tunis Science College (1966-68), and was still in Tunis when in spring 1968 riots broke out in Paris.
Published in 1969, L & # 39; Archeologie du savoir (Archeology of Knowledge). In 1970, as a director of the Philosophical Department of the Parisian Faculty of Vincennes, he was awarded the chair of the systems of thought of Collège de France in the highest-ranking dormitory in France. Appointment to Foucault gave an opportunity for intensive research.
Between 1971 and 1984, Foucault wrote some works such as Surveiller et Punir: naissance de la Prison (1975, Discipline and Punishment: The Prison Born), a monograph on the growth of contemporary jail; 3 volumes of Western sexuality; with countless essays. Foucault has continued to travel extensively, and has been expanding for a long time in Brazil, Canada, Italy, Japan and the United States.
He was particularly in touch with California's Berkeley and the San Francisco Bay area, and was a visitor to Berkeley University of California for a few years. Foucault died in 1984 because of septicemia characterized by AIDS, but did not complete the fourth volume of sexuality.