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History of Power and Conditioning Science


Early notes of strong training date back to the 3600s when Chinese emperors exercise subjects daily (Webster 1976). During the Chou Dynasty, prior to entering the military, weight-loss tests were required. There is a great deal of evidence that weight training is part of the lives of ancient Greece and India. In fact, the Greeks built many statues of stone weights.

A number of training systems have been proposed over the years. The accumulation of experience and various philosophies has led us to the training methods currently applied. Keep in mind; many authorities differed greatly from the original purpose of force and conditioning. Hard work and dedication were the basis of previous training methods. Nowadays, the opposite is done in many places, as simple jobs and quick fixes are the basis of most people's systems.

In the 16th century, books on weight training began to emerge in Europe. Sir Thomas Elyot's book was published in England in 1531. Joachim Camerius, lecturer at Leipzig University, wrote in 1544 several books in which he recommended that weight training be one of the key activities of the model school. John Paugh published a Physiological, Theoretical and Practical Treatise article in 1728 on the exercise regeneration exercise that demonstrated the benefits of weight gain. In the 1860s Archibald Maclaren developed the first formal physical training with dumbbells and dumbbells for the British Army.

In the 19th century, showmen and strongman entertainers greatly contributed to the methods used in the fitness and sports conditioning industry. During extensive research by David Webster Ironworks historian, the Italian circus and fairs performers, Felice Napoli, boast of intense performances in the international arena. Students of Nazism include Professor Attila (Louis Durlacher) and Eugen Sandow (Frederick Muller). Attila became known and attracted the world's best-known physical cultures and the many rulers of Europe. King George Gergely, King Edward of England, Prince George Frederick, King of King Haakon, King of Denmark, six children of Alexandria Queen of England, Princess Dagmar (Russian Empress and Mother Tsar Nicholas) and Princess Cumberland.

At that time, educating the rich was a very respectable profession. We call personal trainers today. Current protocols used by most teachers today go far beyond the original teachings and benefits provided by instructors. The reputation and reputation of today's trainers was the result of the public presentation of extraordinary physical tricks. These events were often attended by royal kings and were highly valued for their physical well-being.

Ego Sandow was born in 1867 in Koningsberg, Eastern Russia, for the teachings of presidents and rulers from all over the world. Nine Kings and Queens, as well as many European princes, and US President William Taft and Woodrow Wilson, supported Sandow's book Life Movement. Sandow was a successful amplifier and a supporter of formal fitness and healthcare. He emphasized that physical education and sport should form an integral part of the school system. He is also promoting the world and promoting the physical culture as a means of improving the quality of life.

Most authorities recognize Sandow as one of the most important players in fitness history, the history of his work, and the modern phenomenon of science-based fitness training is not a new invention. Sandow promoted the importance of strength and skill as the cornerstone of fitness. Half a century later, Dr. Kenneth Cooper suggested that the fit depends primarily on aerobic conditioning. About 25 years later, academics once again recognized the important role of reinforcement training. In Russia during the same period, Vladislav Krayevsky founded the St. Petersburg Amateur Weightlifting Society (1885). Many respected scholars, athletes; His students, including George Hackenschmidt, became famous artists, who gave his knowledge to Krayevsky. Hackenschmidt mentioned in his book The Way To Live that one of the strongest men in the era, including Sandow, was Krayevsky's system.

The work of Krayevsky and the popularity of his students had a significant impact on weightlifting in Russia. Not only was he a famous teacher, but also played a significant role in the dumbbells. In 1898 he was the president of the jury at the first World Championships in Vienna.

During his period of 1896-1899, Krayevsky wrote two basic works. The writings were titled "Catechism of Health – athletes and the development of physical force without the double bees and the two banners". The Catechism of the Athlete's Health Regulations was sent until 9 December 1899, but it never appeared and has been preserved today. His other book appeared in 1900 and was reprinted three times after his death (1902, 1909, 1916).

Krayevsky has studied the history of physical culture and the form of the gymnasium. He knew Swedish gymnastics and acknowledged the therapeutic benefits, but his concerns about the lack of scientific information on the Swedish system made him experiment with his research.

Many of Krayevsky's recommendations are still being used today. It is recommended that medical athletes' health, constant training and variable load patterns, full-spectrum physical development, psychological development and smoking and alcohol consumption be avoided

Early Pioneers have developed a number of tools for strength-building, kettle flakes , dumbbells, dumbbells, odd-shaped rods, thick grips, weighted boots, isolating machines and various throwing devices. Even 50 years later, there are people who claim to have invented this machine. In today's industry, many systems and people are promoting new systems that are not new at all.

The evolution of the various scientific and educational cultures has divided the West and East as the promotion of their physical activity is blurred. During the post-World War, Russia and Europe continued to promote the various elements of physical strength, power, and skills, while the West largely supported the aerobics. In Kenneth Cooper's book, Aerobics was popular at that time, as well as the Swedish endurance exercise research. Cooper and Swedish researchers say cardiovascular and general health is primarily a function of persistent endurance. Supporters of the Endurance doctrine have strongly opposed strong training. Cooper said that the secular training helped the beautiful body, but did not do anything for health. In the same period when aerobic madness has been wildly roused by Western Russians and Eastern Europeans, programs will promote their achievements. Most schools offered weight lifting, and in a few decades there were about 1 million weightlifters in the Soviet Union. Efforts have become a key element of all Soviet sports programs, while in the West the attitude that weight training slows down athletes and limits their room for maneuver. As a result, Russia dominated the Olympic Games, especially the Olympic weightlifting, but the aerobic doctrine became a gospel in the West.

Russian dominance was often caused by the use of anabolic-androgenic drugs, but the sporty use of the drug was initially introduced by the West. It is probably more accurate to say that the eastern nations are dominated by the understanding of their special strength and comprehensive sports conditioning. In drug use, no one uses more drugs than Pro bodybuilders who are predominantly Americans.

In the West today, most gyms, faculty, academics and coaches continue to be ill-informed about fitness and sports conditioning. In most cases, aerobic long-lasting frenzy dominates, yet this is the least sufficient fitness. All you have to do is to study science and plentiful evidence that supports a variety of health and fitness problems in the right exercise program to achieve its significance. Mel Siff.

Copyright 2005 Jamie Hale

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